Home Boeing Boeing 737 What is RNP on Boeing 737? (Required Navigation Performance)

What is RNP on Boeing 737? (Required Navigation Performance)

The Boeing 737 is one of the most popular and widely used aircraft in the world. It has been a staple in the aviation industry for decades, providing reliable and efficient transportation for millions of passengers. One of the key features of the Boeing 737, and many other modern aircraft, is Required Navigation Performance (RNP). RNP is a navigation concept that allows aircraft to navigate more precisely and efficiently through defined airspace routes. In this article, we will take a closer look at what RNP is and how it is implemented on the Boeing 737.

Understanding Required Navigation Performance

Required Navigation Performance (RNP) is a performance-based navigation concept that enables aircraft to fly predetermined paths in a more accurate and efficient manner. It is a global standard developed by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) to enhance operational efficiency and safety in flight operations. RNP allows for more precise navigation by taking into account the capabilities of the aircraft, navigation equipment, and the accuracy of the navigation infrastructure.

RNP is measured in nautical miles and represents the lateral accuracy within which an aircraft can navigate. For example, an RNP value of 1 means the aircraft can navigate within a one nautical mile corridor centered on the intended flight path. The lower the RNP value, the more precise the navigation. The implementation of RNP on the Boeing 737 involves using advanced avionics systems and navigational aids to achieve the required level of accuracy.

RNP on the Boeing 737

The Boeing 737 is equipped with advanced avionics systems and navigation capabilities that allow for RNP operations. The aircraft uses a combination of Inertial Navigation System (INS), Global Positioning System (GPS), and Ground-Based Augmentation System (GBAS) to achieve the required navigation performance.

The INS provides accurate positioning and attitude information to the aircraft, while the GPS enables precise positioning and navigation through satellite signals. The GBAS, which includes the Localizer Performance with Vertical guidance (LPV) approach, provides vertical guidance for landing operations. These systems work together to ensure the aircraft is able to navigate along defined routes with the required level of accuracy.

RNP Benefits

RNP offers several benefits for both airlines and passengers. By allowing for more precise navigation, RNP reduces the need for flight crews to rely solely on ground-based navigation aids. This reduces the risk of accidents and incidents caused by navigation errors or misinterpretation of ground-based signals.

Additionally, RNP enables aircraft to fly more direct routes, resulting in shorter flight times, reduced fuel consumption, and lower emissions. This not only improves the efficiency of the airline’s operations but also contributes to a more sustainable aviation industry.

Furthermore, RNP can enhance airport accessibility by allowing for the creation of curved and segmented approaches. This enables airports to operate more efficiently, especially in challenging terrain or congested airspace. The ability to perform precision approaches also increases operational flexibility and reduces the likelihood of diversions due to adverse weather conditions.


Required Navigation Performance (RNP) plays a crucial role in enhancing the efficiency, safety, and environmental sustainability of aviation operations, including on the Boeing 737. By enabling more precise navigation and reducing reliance on ground-based aids, RNP improves overall flight performance and enables airlines to optimize their operations. The implementation of RNP on the Boeing 737 demonstrates the continuous advancements in aviation technology to provide safer and more sustainable air travel experiences for passengers around the world.

For More: What is VIGV on Boeing 737? (Variable Inlet Guide Vane)

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