What is FRT on Airbus A320? (Front)

The Airbus A320 is a widely used commercial aircraft known for its efficiency, reliability, and advanced technology. As aviation enthusiasts and professionals, it is important to have a comprehensive understanding of the different areas and components of the aircraft. In this article, we will specifically focus on the front area of the Airbus A320, also known as the Front (FRT) section.

The front section of an aircraft like the Airbus A320 refers to the forward part of the fuselage that encompasses various crucial components and functionalities. It is important to differentiate between the terms “front” and “cockpit.” The cockpit is the area where the flight crew operates and controls the aircraft, while the front section encompasses a broader area that includes the cockpit, passenger cabin, and other related systems.

Components of the Airbus A320 Front (FRT) Section

The Front (FRT) section of the Airbus A320 has several key components that play essential roles in the aircraft’s operation, safety, and comfort. Let’s explore some of these components:

1. Cockpit

The cockpit is an integral part of the Front (FRT) section. It is the working area for the flight crew, consisting of pilot and copilot seats, control panels, instruments, and systems necessary for flying the aircraft. The Airbus A320 cockpit features state-of-the-art avionics and displays, including primary flight displays (PFDs) and multifunction displays (MFDs) that provide essential information to the pilots.

The Airbus A320 also incorporates the fly-by-wire system, which relies on electronic signals to transmit pilot inputs instead of traditional mechanical linkages. This advanced system enhances flight control precision and efficiency, making the Airbus A320 one of the most technologically advanced aircraft in its class.

2. Passenger Cabin

The front section of the Airbus A320 also encompasses the passenger cabin, where passengers are seated during the flight. It includes rows of seats, overhead storage compartments, lavatories, and emergency exits. The cabin design aims to provide a comfortable and pleasant experience for passengers, with spacious seating arrangements and optimized use of space.

It is worth noting that the Airbus A320 has different cabin configurations, depending on the airline’s preferences and requirements. Some airlines may choose to equip their A320 aircraft with business class seating, while others may opt for an all-economy layout. In certain cases, the front section might also include galley areas for meal preparation and service.

3. Nose Landing Gear

The nose landing gear is another crucial component located in the front section of the Airbus A320. It consists of the structure and mechanisms that support the aircraft during landing, as well as facilitate steering during ground operations. The nose landing gear typically includes shock-absorbing struts, wheels, tires, and hydraulic systems.

The Airbus A320’s nose landing gear is designed to withstand high-stress operations, such as landings and taxiing, while ensuring the safety and stability of the aircraft. It is essential for the nose landing gear to be robust and reliable to handle the various conditions and challenges encountered during the aircraft’s lifespan.


The Front (FRT) section of the Airbus A320 encompasses vital components such as the cockpit, passenger cabin, and nose landing gear. Understanding these elements is crucial for aviation professionals to comprehend the aircraft’s operational aspects and ensure a safe and comfortable flying experience.

By delving into the details of the Airbus A320’s front section, we gain a deeper appreciation for the engineering and technology behind this remarkable aircraft. The cockpit serves as the command center for the flight crew, equipped with advanced avionics to facilitate accurate and efficient flying. The passenger cabin provides a comfortable space for travelers, reflecting the airline’s preferences and needs. Lastly, the nose landing gear ensures safe landings and ground operations, contributing to the overall safety and reliability of the Airbus A320.

With its modern design and advanced capabilities, the Airbus A320 continues to be a popular choice for airlines worldwide. Its front section, with its key components, plays a significant role in shaping the aircraft’s performance, functionality, and overall flying experience. Whether you’re a passenger, aviation enthusiast, or industry professional, understanding the front section of the Airbus A320 is essential for appreciating this remarkable aircraft’s capabilities.

For More: What is ELAC on Airbus A320? (Elevator Aileron Computer)